Today on March 11th 1425 BCE, Thutmose III, one of the greatest pharaohs of Ancient Egypt, dies after reigning for more than fifty years.
Thutmose III, commonly referred to as the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt, was one of the greatest pharaohs in history. He was the sixth pharaoh of the 18th dynasty and reigned for more than 54 years. However unlike Napoleon, he never lost a single battle and was revered by his people for centuries after his death. His father Thutmose II died when he was a young boy, so his step mother, Queen Hatshepsut, become the imperial regent. Shortly after, Hatshepsut seized total power and claimed the title of Pharaoh. Thutmose and Hatshepsut would effectively co-rule during the first twenty years of his apparent reign.
Under his command, the kingdom’s territory expanded further than any other previous ruler. Thutmose was highly regarded as a strong military strategist and charismatic leader. Throughout his life he led seventeen major campaigns and conquered territory from Niya in North Syria to the Fourth Cataract of the Nile in Nubia. It’s estimated the warrior king captured over 350 cities and was the first Egyptian ruler to cross the Euphrates River. He was an accomplished horseman, archer, athlete and avid patron of the arts. Thutmose commissioned his legendary victories to be inscribed on the walls at the Temple of Amun, providing modern historians with extensive details of his campaigns.
Thutmose also proved to be one of Ancient Egypt’s greatest builders, constructing more than fifty temples and monuments. He established a strong administrative center that allowed for art and culture to flourish under his rule. Thutmose focused much of his attention on expanding the Temples of Karnak and redeveloped the Great Hall first erected by his grandfather, Thutmose I. Many speculate that Thutmose grew increasingly resentful of Hatshepsut. Shortly after her death, he ordered the defacement of her temple and monuments.